With so many options of ways of preventing pregnancy, women can have a hard time on deciding which method is best for them. There are also other factors that can affect the effectiveness of your desired birth control method. Before deciding on which method to use, take the time to research on each method and consult your doctor. Here are ways of avoiding pregnancy.

1.Use a barrier

Condoms are the most popular because they help in the prevention of pregnancies as well as Sexually Transmitted Diseases. There are two different types of condoms; male and female. The male condom is worn over the penis, while the female condom is inserted into the vagina.

Although condoms are readily available at many shops and clinics, they may not favor everyone who uses them. While some people are allergic to the latex, others experience some discomfort with female condoms. There is also the small possibility of a condom getting torn, which increases chances of pregnancy.

Diaphragms are shallow silicone cups that are inserted into the vagina to keep semen away from the egg, thus preventing pregnancy. Make sure to consult your gynecologist if you are considering this option, as they will help you to select the appropriate product.  

2.Use hormonal methods

Hormonal methods of birth control are becoming increasingly popular among women. Using hormonal methods is convenient, efficient and can be manipulated to fit your calendar (in case you want to delay your periods). Examples are contraceptive pills, contraceptive injections, and hormonal devices.

Contraceptive pills contain progestin and estrogen hormones that prevent the eggs from leaving the ovaries and are very effective. The pill should be taken every day, preferably at the same time.  

3.Hormonal Birth Control Devices

The patch which is placed on the back, arm or thigh to distribute pregnancy-preventing hormones throughout the body.

The implant is inserted in the arm and works by releasing hormones that prevent pregnancy for three years.

The ring is put inside the vagina once every month and releases hormones that can help you to avoid pregnancy.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) are small metal devices inserted into a woman’s uterus for the purpose of releasing counter-pregnancy hormones and stops sperms. They can last for up to 12 years.

4.Surgery

If you are sure that you do not want to get pregnant permanently, surgery is an option to consider.

Female sterilization, also known as tubal ligation involves surgery that closes the fallopian tubes.

A vasectomy, where the part of each vas deferens is cut and sealed to block sperms from mixing with semen

4.Abstinence.

Not having sex is a guaranteed way of avoiding pregnancy. You should have another method for backup, just in case the abstinent period ends and you still don’t want to get pregnant.

5.Natural birth control

In this method, a woman can only have sex during the infertile days of her cycle. However, for this approach to be effective, a woman must be well aware of the details of her cycle, from day one through ovulation to menstruation. Even then it’s not an entirely effective approach when it comes to avoiding pregnancy.

6.Emergency pill

The e-pill should be taken as soon as possible after sex and are available at most drug stores and clinics. The emergency pill, otherwise known as the morning-after pill, should be taken as early as possible after intercourse to maximize its effectiveness.